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History

This week we are going to look at how the River Nile was important for the Ancient Egyptians and their farming.

Watch this clip and listen carefully

 

The Ancient Egyptians based their farming around the annual flooding of the River Nile.

There were three seasons in the Egyptian calendar:

Akhet - Also called the Season of the Inundation.

Heavy summer rain in the highlands of Ethiopia each year would cause the Nile to flood as it flowed through Egypt. Farmland could be covered by up to two metres of water.

Peret - Also called the Season of the Emergence.

As the floodwaters went down, the land beside the Nile was left covered in thick dark mud which was very fertile. Farmers used this season to plant grain, barley and other fruits and vegetables.

Shemu - Also called the Season of the Harvest. Egyptians harvested the food they had planted, collected seeds to plant the following year and stored grain in large silos.

 

To make the most of the annual rising and falling of the Nile, the Egyptians dug channels and walls to divert flood water away from cities and towards fields for farming. This was called basin irrigation. 

They also invented tools like the shaduf which we looked at last week. A shaduf is a long pole with a bucket attached to the end, which people could use to raise and move water from rivers or lakes onto land.

 

Task

Using what you have learnt from the video and the information above, create a poster to explain how the Ancient Egyptians used the River Nile and the three seasons in their farming. Don’t forget to use full sentences when creating your poster!

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